A Comparison of Feature Selection and Feature Extraction Techniques for Condition Monitoring of a Hydraulic Actuator

Stephen Adams, Ryan Meekins, Peter Beling, Kevin Farinholt, Nathan Bown, Sherwood Polter, and Qing Dong
Submission Type: 
Full Paper
phmc_17_042.pdf3.69 MBSeptember 14, 2017 - 6:59am

In many applications, there are a number of data sources that can be collected and numerous features that can be calculated from these data sources. The error of big data has lead many to believe that the larger the data, the better the results. However, as the dimensionality of the data increases, the effects of the curse of dimensionality become more prevalent. Further, a large feature set also increases the computational cost of data collection and feature calculation. In this study, we evaluated four dimensionality reduction techniques as part of a system for condition monitoring of a hydraulic actuator. Two feature selection techniques, ReliefF and variable importance, and two feature extraction techniques, principal component analysis and autoencoders, are used to reduce the input into three classification algorithms. We conclude that variable importance in conjunction with the random forest algorithm outperforms the other dimensionality reduction techniques. Feature selection has the added advantage of being able to remove data sources and features from the data collection and feature calculation process that are not present in the relevant feature subset.

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Submission Keywords: 
condition monitoring
feature selection
feature extraction
Submission Topic Areas: 
Data-driven methods for fault detection, diagnosis, and prognosis
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